Male Infertility

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Male Infertility

Infertility is a widespread problem. For about one in five infertile couples the problem lies solely in the male partner. Male infertility is usually caused by problems that affect either sperm production or sperm transport (blockage). A man’s fertility generally relies on the quantity and quality of his sperm. If the number of sperm a man ejaculates is low or if the sperm are of a poor quality, it will be difficult, and sometimes impossible, for him to cause a having child. In most of the cases, no obvious signs or symptoms are there. Erection, intercourse and ejaculation will happen without

difficulty and the quantity of semen appears to be normal to naked eyes. In such cases medical tests are needed to find out if a male is infertile.

Male fertility can be reduced as a result of / causes of Male Infertility:

Sperm production problems
  • Chromosomal or genetic causes
  • Infections
  • Torsion (twisting of the testes in scrotum)
  • Heat
  • Varicocele (varicose veins in the testes)
  • Medicines and chemicals
  • Radiation damage
  • Unknown cause
Blockage of sperm transport (obstruction) 
  • Infections
  • Prostate-related problems

Sexual problems (erection and ejaculatory problems)

  • Retrograde or premature ejaculation
  • Failure of ejaculation
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Infrequent intercourse
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Prostate surgery
  • Damage to nerves
  • Some medicines
Hormonal problems
  • Pituitary tumours
  • Anabolic (androgenic) steroid abuse


Sperm antibodies

  • Vasectomy
  • Injury or infection in the epididymis
  • Unknown cause