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Low sperm count indicates that the fluid (semen) you ejaculate when an orgasm contains less semen than usual.
A low sperm count is also called oligospermia. A total absence of sperm is called azoospermia. Your sperm count is rated lower than average if you have less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen.
Becoming a low sperm count reduces the odds that one of your sperm will generate your partner's egg, resulting in pregnancy. Anyway, many men who produce low sperm count are still ready to father a baby.


The main symptom of low sperm count is the failure to conceive a child. Their strength is no different visible signs or symptoms. In any man, an underlying difficulty such as an acquired chromosomal abnormality, a hormonal imbalance, increased testicular vessels or a position that blocks the way of sperm may cause symptoms and signs.

Low Sperm Count signs might involve:
  • Difficulties with sexual function — for example, low sex drive or trouble maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • Pain, injury or a part in the testicle area
  • Reduced facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosome or hormone abnormality
When to Consult a Doctor
  • Erection or ejaculation problems, low sex drive, or different problems with sexual role
  • Pain, embarrassment, a lump or swelling in this testicle area
  • A history of testicle, prostate or sexual difficulties
  • A genitals, testicle, penis or scrotum operation

The creation of sperm is a complicated method and requires regular functioning of the testicles (testes) as well as the hypothalamus and pituitary organs — glands in your brain that create hormones that trigger sperm creation. Once sperm are created in the testicles, delicate cells transport them till they mix with semen and are ejaculated from the penis. Difficulties with any of these systems can harm sperm production.

Also, there can be difficulties in unusual sperm shape (morphology), movement (motility) or function.

Yet, usually, the problem of low sperm count isn't identified.

Medical causes

Low sperm count can be created by several health problems and medical treatments. Some of these include:

Varicocele. A varicocele is a swelling of the vessels that remove the testicle. It's the most popular reversible problem of male infertility. Although the specific reason that varicoceles produce infertility is unknown, it strength be compared to abnormal testicular temperature control. Varicoceles affect in reduced quality of the sperm.

Infection. Some infections can prevent sperm production or sperm health or can create scarring that blocks the way of sperm. These include infection of the epididymis (epididymitis) or testicles (orchitis) and any sexually transmitted infections, including gonorrhea or HIV. Although many viruses can result in permanent testicular injury, most often sperm can still be regained.

Ejaculation Problems. Retrograde ejaculation happens when semen inserts the bladder during orgasm rather than emerging out of the top of the penis. Many health conditions can cause retrograde ejaculation or loss of ejaculation, including diabetes, spinal injuries, and surgery of the bladder, prostate or urethra.

Some medications also might appear in ejaculatory problems, such as blood pressure medicines identified as alpha-blockers. Some ejaculatory difficulties can be reversed, while others are permanent. In most matters of permanent ejaculation difficulties, sperm can still be recovered directly from the testicles.

Antibodies that Attack Sperm. Anti-sperm antibodies are protected system cells that mistakenly recognize sperm as harmful invaders and attempt to kill them.

Tumors. Cancers and nonmalignant increases can affect the male reproductive glands directly, through the glands that release hormones related to reproduction, such as the pituitary gland, either by unknown causes. Surgery, radiation or chemotherapy to operate tumors also can affect male fertility.

Undescended testicles. During fetal development, one or both testicles sometimes fail to fall from the abdomen into the sac that usually contains the testicles (scrotum). Decreased fertility is more possible in men with this condition.

Hormone imbalances. The hypothalamus, pituitary, and testicles produce hormones that are necessary to produce sperm. Changes in these hormones, as well as from other systems such as the thyroid and adrenal gland, may impair sperm production.

Defects of tubules that transport sperm. Several different tubes provide sperm. They can be molded due to various causes, including inadvertent injury from the operation, prior diseases, trauma or unusual development, such as with cystic fibrosis about related inherited conditions.

Blockage can happen at any level, including in the testicle, while the tubes that remove the testicle, in the epididymis, in the vas deferens, near these ejaculatory tubes or in the urethra.

Chromosome defects. Inherited dysfunctions such as Klinefelter's symptoms — in which a male is shown with two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome instead of one X and one Y — create abnormal development of the male generative organs. Other genetic syndromes connected with infertility include cystic fibrosis, Kallmann's syndrome and Kartagener's syndrome.

Celiac disease. A digestive disease caused by sensitivity to gluten, celiac disorder can cause male infertility. Fertility may develop after adopting a gluten-free diet.

Several operations might block you from increasing sperm in your ejaculate, including vasectomy, inguinal hernia repairs, scrotal or testicular surgeries, prostate surgeries, and general abdominal surgeries done for testicular and rectal cancers, among others .In most maximum cases, surgery can be done to either reverse these blockages or to recover sperm directly from the epididymis and testicles.

Certain Medications. Testosterone replacement operation, long-term anabolic steroid exercise, cancer drugs (chemotherapy), any antifungal and antibiotic tablets, some sore pills, and different drugs can decrease sperm creation and reduce male fertility.

Environmental Causes
  • Industrial chemicals. Long exposure to benzenes, toluene, xylene, herbicides, pesticides, natural solvents, painting elements, and sign might present to low sperm counts.
  • Heavy metal exposure. Exposure to make or another heavy element also can create infertility.
  • Radiation or X-rays. Exposure to radioactivity can decrease sperm creation. It can take many years for sperm creation to return to regular. With high dosages of radioactivity, sperm generation can be permanently defeated.
  • Overheating the testicles. High temperatures reduce sperm creation and function. Although studies are limited and remain inconclusive, regular use of saunas or warm tubs might temporarily reduce sperm count.
  • Sitting for extended periods, using tight clothing or working on a laptop computer for large stretches of time also might raise the temperature in your scrotum and slightly decrease sperm generation.
Other problems of low sperm count include:
  • Drug Use. Anabolic steroids used to stimulate muscle health and increase can cause the testicles to shrink and sperm creation to decrease. The use of cocaine or marijuana might decrease the amount and quality of your sperm as well.
  • Alcohol Use. Taking alcohol can lower testosterone levels also cause reduced sperm creation.
  • Occupation. Certain professions might be linked with a chance of infertility, including welding or those associated with extended sitting, such as truck driving. However, the data to support those associations is inconsistent.
  • Tobacco Smoking. Individuals who smoke strength have a lower sperm count than making the who don't smoke.
  • Emotional Stress. Difficult or prolonged emotional anxiety, including stress about fertility, might interfere with hormones required to create sperm.
  • Depression. Being depressed may negatively influence sperm concentration.
  • Weight. Obesity can reduce fertility in many ways, including directly affecting sperm and by causing hormone changes that decrease male fertility.
  • Sperm Testing Issues. Lower than average sperm counts can occur from testing a sperm sample that was taken too quickly after your last ejaculation; it was considered too soon after an attack or stressful event or didn't include all of the semen you ejaculated because some were lost during collection. For this reason, results are usually based on several examples taken over a period of time.
Risk Factors
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Using several illicit drugs
  • Being overweight
  • Being seriously depressed or stressed
  • Having some past or present diseases
  • Being presented to toxins
  • Overheating the testicles
  • Having experienced an injury to the testicles
  • Being born with a fertility disease or having a blood family, such as your brother or father, with a fertility disease
  • Having some medical situations, including tumors and chronic diseases
  • Undergoing cancer therapies, such as x-rays
  • Using several medications
  • Having a prior vasectomy or higher abdominal or pelvic operation
  • Having a history of undescended testicles
  • Surgery or different treatments for an underlying problem of low sperm count
  • High and associated assisted reproductive techniques, such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Stress-related to the inability to have a child
  • Don't smoke.
  • Limit or abstain from alcohol.
  • Steer clear of illicit drugs.
  • Talk to your doctor about medications that can harm sperm count.
  • Maintain a healthful weight.
  • Avoid heat.
  • Control stress.
  • Avoid exposure to pesticides, heavy elements, and other poisons.


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